The quarter around the museum was part of a redevelopment scheme in 1970. The scheme included 77 properties, many of which were joined to create bigger houses.
The quarter around H. C. Andersen's house was built at the end of the 18th century. As the oral tradition told that H. C. Andersen was born here, the small house at the corner of Bangs Boder was purchased by Odense Kommune (the local government) in 1905 (the centenary of the poet's birth). After a thorough restoration by architect Jens Vilh. Petersen the house was converted into a museum. In 1930 the museum was extended with the domed hall; Niels Larsen Stevns created the artistic decorations. In 1976 another extension was added, and in 2004 a final extension will be completed.
Finn Grandt-Nielsen: Huse i Odense, Odense Bys Museer, 1995